Power generation & transmission
The core issue at stake is the fact that by 2050, United States would primarily run on renewable power. To achieve this result, we would need enormous amounts of renewable power to be delivered throughout the day and night. The consumption of electricity would change dramatically as the current peak hours would be displaced by peak hours at night time when every household that has electric car is charging its vehicles.
The demand for electricity is expected to double to 2400 GW – 70% of which would be supplied by solar, wind and geothermal power. In order to prevent outages, battery backup will be needed as solar and wind power are intermittent. Since the U.S would not have solar power generation at night, we would primarily rely on wind power which is also seasonal. This leads a tremendous reliance on battery storage which is expensive and would require investment in the tens of trillions of dollars.
convalt energy is currently developing a solution to provide 100% renewable power by 2040.